RULES FOR WRITING
IUPAC NAMES FOR
- 01. IUPAC name = prefix +word root +suffix
- 02. No. of carbon atoms of the longest continuous carbon chain containing functional group determines the word root.
- 03. Carbons are numbered such that multiple bonds &/or substitutions & /or functional groups are numbered least .
- 04. The numbering of the main chain is done in the direction which gives the lowest number to the first branching point.
- 05. The nature of the side chains or substitution determines the prefix with proper number.
- Functional groups expressed only as prefixes.
06. The order of listing the branch prefixes is alphabetic before the addition of the multiple prefix identifiers such as di, tri, etc .
07. The position identifier (locant) is prefixed to the name of the branch using hyphens to separate the position identifiers from the name. If there are two or more of the same branch in a given molecule the prefixes di, tri, tetra, etc., are used together with a set of position identifiers, one for each of the branches, with the position identifiers separated by commas.
08. When two or more multiple bonds or substitutions are present are present sum rule is applied.
09. The carbon atoms of the chain terminating group is numbered one.
10. Primary suffix is added after the word root name to indicate nature of carbon bonds.
Secondary Suffix is used to indicate nature of the functional group.
11. For polyfunctional compounds sequence of priority is followed.
Sequence of priority for naming of polyfunctional compounds.
IUPAC OF AROMATIC COMPOUNDS
IUPAC= PREFIX + BASE NAME ( WORD ROOT + SUFFIX )